"It’s important to forgive."
"Who do you have the hardest time forgiving?"
Local people of Dersim, 1938
The Dersim Massacre took place in 1937 and 1938 in Dersim in Turkey. It was the outcome of a Turkish military campaign against the Dersim Rebellion by local ethnic minority groups against Turkey’s Resettlement Law of 1934. Thousands of Alevi Kurds and Zazas died and many others were internally displaced due to the conflict. (estimated between 13,806-70,000 people) The methods used by the army were brutal, including the mass killing of civilians, the razing of homes and the deportation of people from less hostile areas. The area was also bombed from the air.
The 1934 Turkish Resettlement Law was the legal justification used for the forced resettlement. It was used primarily to target the region of Dersim as one of its first test cases, which left disastrous consequences for the local population.
Bamiyan is a province in the central highlands of Afghanistan, locally known as Hazarajat. Its population consists of predominately Hazaras, who make up the third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan.
The province attracts tourists from around the world because of its visual and archaeological beauty, for example its series of six deep blue lakes (one of the few rare natural lakes in the world which are created by travertine systems) - known as the Band-e Amir lakes - and the remains (niches) of the Buddhas of Bamiyan (built in 507 AD and 554 AD). The giant Buddhas were destroyed under a series of attacks by the Afghan King Amir Abdur Rahman Khan and later, the Taliban. In this set of photos, you can see how the Buddhas were gradually destroyed and completely obliterated.
After years of war and mass-murder of its population rooted in ethnic/sectarian violence, the province of Bamiyan is now one of the four most secure provinces in Afghanistan, which stands in stark contrast with Bamiyan’s neighboring provinces in eastern Afghanistan, whom are extremely insecure. The cultural heritage and natural beauty of this province has helped it attract thousands of tourists from all around the world.
Paintings by Mongolian-born, Beijing-based artist Xue Mo. Click photos to see titles.
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